Leu Garden’s Vegetable Planting Guide

Since the summer of 2009, Leu Gardens’ staff horticulturists have been evaluating vegetables to determine which varieties fared best in Florida’s climate. Disease resistance, yield, flavor and hardiness were all considered in the trial. The varieties of vegetables that received the highest marks are included below.  pdf_icon_16x16

Vegetable North Central South Recommended Varieties Plant Spacing (inches) Row Spacing (inches) Direct sow or Transplant Planting Depth (inches)
BEAN
Bush Mar-Nov Oct-Apr Oct-Apr Cherokee Waxed, Commodore Improved, Flacco, Goldrush, Pike, Roma II, Strike 6 18 D 1
Pole " " " Kentucky Wonder, Blue Lake, Kentucky Blue, Kentucky Wonder Wax Pole, Asparagus Yard Long, Romano, Big Mama Lima, Florida Rattlesnake, Purple Trionofo Violetto 6 18 D 1
Shell French Horticultural, Tiger Eye 6 18 D 1
Italian " " " Roma II, Venice, Baroma 6 18 D 1
French " " " Golden Child, Allicante Soleil, Fortex, Maxibel, Nickel, Petite Filet, Delinel 6 18 D 1
Lima " " " Dixie Buttterpea Speckled, Florida Butter Speckled, Jackson Wonder, Fordhook 242, Speckled Calico, Henderson, Christmas Pole, Burpee Improved, Eastland, Big Mama (pole), 6 18 D 1
Beet Sep-Mar Oct-Mar Oct-Mar Detroit Dark Red, Chioggia, Burpee's Golden, Cylindrica, Blankoma, Long Season Lutz, Green Top Bunching, Piatta D'Egitto, Yellow Detroit 2-3 12-18 D 1/4
Broccoli Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Packman, High Dividend, Green Comet and Green Goliath, Lieutenant 36 36 D/T 1/4-1/2
Brussels Sprouts Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Jade Cross, Long Island Improved. 24 24 D/T 1/4-1/2
Cabbage Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Smantha, Baby Pixie, New Jersey Wakefield, Copenhagen Market, Bonnies Hybrid, Sovoy Deadon, and Savoy Ace, Dutch Flat. 18 24 D/T 1/4
Vegetable North Central South Recommended Varieties Plant Spacing (inches) Row Spacing (inches) Direct sow or Transplant Planting Depth (inches)
Cantaloupe Mar-Apr Feb - Apr Aug - Sep & Feb - Mar Ambrosia, Bush Star, Honey Rock, Planter's Jumbo. 24 48 D/T 1/2-1
Carrot Sep - Mar Oct - Mar Oct - Feb Nantes Half Long, Chatenay Royal, Baltimore, Tendersweet, Cosmic Purple, Lunar White, Ingot, Parisianne 2 12-18 D 1/16
Cauliflower Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Sep-Jan Snowball, Brocoverde, Minuteman, Cheddar, Violet Queen. 6 18 D/T 1/4-1/2
Celery Jul- Sep Jul- Sep Jul- Sep Giant Pascal, Conquistadore, Stoke's Golden Plume, Golden Self Branching. 12 24-Jan T 1/16
Collard Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Yates Strain, Georgian Southern 36 36 T
Corn Feb-Apr Jan-Apr Oct-Mar Golden Cross Bantam, Early Sunglow, Sweet Riser, Kandy King, Silver Queen, How Sweet It Is, Sweet Ice, Peaches and Cream, Seneca Dancer. 8 30 D 1
Cucumber
Fall Garden Aug-Sep Sep Sep-Oct GardenDasher II, Indio, Indy, Cucina, Pickling Adam, Eureka, Bush, Burpee's Bushmaster, Very Kuhl 10 36-48 D/T 1/2
Winter Garden too cold too cold Nov-Dec GardenDasher II,Indio, Indy, Cucina Pickling Adam, Eureka Bush Burpee's Bushmaster, Very Kuhl
Spring Garden Feb-Apr Jan-Mar Jan-Mar GardenDasher II,Indio, Indy, Cucina Pickling Adam, Eureka Bush Burpee's Bushmaster, Very Kuhl
Summer too hot too hot too hot GardenDasher II,Indio, Indy, Cucina Pickling Adam, Eureka Bush Burpee's Bushmaster, Very Kuhl
Vegetable North Central South Recommended Varieties Plant Spacing (inches) Row Spacing (inches) Direct sow or Transplant Planting Depth (inches)
Eggplant June-Sep June-Sep June-Sep Rosita, Bambino, Hansel and Gretel, Kermit, Louisiana Long Green, Pot Black, Florida Market, Black Beauty 30 30-36 T
Kale Sep- Mar Sep- Mar Sep- Mar Dwarf Blue Curled Scotch, Redbor, Winterbor, Red Russian, Yates Blue Curled, Nero de Toscana, Lacinato. 18 324 D/T 1/4
Kohl Rabi Sep- Mar Sep- Mar Sep- Mar Early White Vienna, Kolibri, Grand Duke, Early Purple Vienna, Kosak. 6 18 D 1/4
Lettuce Sep -Oct Feb-Mar Sep - Mar Sep - Jan Romaine Freckles, Bambi, Paris Island, Winter Density Bibb Australe, Roxy, Yugoslavian Red, Merveille des Quartre Saisons. Leaf Black Seeded Simpson, Red Sails, Oak Leaf, Ruby Red, Salad Bowl, Tango, Deer Tongue, Cherokee, 6 12-18 D/T 1/4
Mustard Sep-May Sep-Mar Sep-Mar Florida Broad Leaf, Southern Giant Curled, Garnet Giant, Savanna, Brazen Brass, Big Red, Misuna, Tatsoi, Tah Tsai. 12 18-24 D 1/4
Okra Mar- Aug Mar- Aug Aug- Sep Clemson Spineless, Star of David, Cow Horn, Evertender, Little Lucy, Red Burgundy, White Velvet. 24 36 D/T 1/2
Onion Sep-Mar Sep-Mar Sep-Mar Granex White, Granex yellow, Grano White, Grano Yellow, White Lisbon Bunching, Borettana, Shimonita 4 18-24 D/T 1/4
Peanut Jun Jul Aug Valencia 8 24 D 1 1/2
Peas, English Jan- Mar Sep- Feb Sep- Feb Little Marvel, Super Sugar Snap, Wando. 2 30 D 1
Pea, Southern Mar-Aug Mar-Aug Aug-Apr Brown Crowder, California Blackeye, Hercules, Iron and Clay, Knucklehull Purplehull, Mississippi Silverskin, White Acre, Zipper Cream. 4 30 D 1
Pepper(+) Feb-Mar July-Sep Feb-Mar July-Sep Aug-Sep Standard Sweet California Wonder, Yolo Wonder, Cubanelle, Sweet Banana, Cherry Stuffer, Fooled You, Orange Blaze, Yummy, Pimento. Standard Hot Ancho, Cayenne Thin long, Bhut Jolokia (Ghost Pepper), Jalapeño, Habenero, Hungarian Yellow Wax, Long Thin Cayenne, Tampiquero, Scotch Bonnet. Hybrid Hot Super Chili 18 24 T 1/8
Vegetable North Central South Recommended Varieties Plant Spacing (inches) Row Spacing (inches) Direct sow or Transplant Planting Depth (inches)
Potato Jan-Mar Jan-Mar Sep-Jan Kennebec, Yukon Gold, Red Pontiac, French Fingerlings, Adirondack Red and Adirondack Blue, Russian Banana 8 36 D 6
Spinach Oct-Nov Oct-Nov Oct-Jan Bloomsdale Long Standing, Red Malabar. 6 24 D/T 1/2
Squash Mar-Apr & Aug-Sep Feb-Mar & Aug-Sep Jan -Feb & Sep Summer Squash Prolific Straightneck, Cheetah, Zephyr, Summer Crookneck, Peter Pan, Early White Scallop. Winter Squash Spaghetti, Table King, Table Queen, Table Ace, Waltham, Early Butternut Zucchini Parthenon, Lioness, Cocozelle, Spineless Beauty, Black Beauty, Gold Rush, Eightball. Unique forms Ambercup, Bonbon, Bush Delicata, Calabraza and Golden Hubbard. 24 36-48 D/T
Sweet Potato Mar - June Feb - Jun Dec - Sep Beauregard, Hernandez, Picadito (boniato) 12 48 T
Swiss chard Sep-Mar Oct-Mar Oct-Mar Bright Lights, Erbette, Monstruoso, Fordhook Giant, Peppermint, Large White Ribbed and Ruby Red. 12 18-24 D/T 1/2
Tomato Feb - Mar & Aug Jan - Mar & Sept Aug - Mar Indeterminate (large fruit) Better Boy, Bonnie Best, Bragger, Cherokee Purple. Indeterminate (Small Fruit) Everglades, Sweet 100, Husky Cherry Determinate (large fruit) Tasti-Leeâ, Celebrity. Determinate (Small fruit) Opalka, Floragold, Florida Petite, Patio, Golden Nugget. 36 30-36 T 1/2
Turnip Jan - Apr & Aug - Oct Jan - Mar & Sep - Nov Oct - Feb Purple Top White Globe. Greens only Seven Top, Southern Green,and Topper. Roots only Early Flat White, Golden Ball, Snow Ball, Scarlet Ohno Revival, Lunga Bianca A Colletto Bianca, Tokyo Cross and White Lady. 3 12-18 D 1/2
Watermelon Mar-Apr & July-Aug Jan - Mar & Aug Jan - Mar & Aug - Sep Jubilee (Florida Giant), Crimson Sweet and Charleston Grey 133, Sugar Baby and Mickeylee. 36 84 D/T 1 1/2